Minggu, 10 Juni 2018

Kesehatan Mental dalam Bingkai

Mental Health





The Ability to Enjoy Life: The ability to enjoy life is essential to good mental health. James Taylor wrote that "The secret of life is enjoying the passing of time. Any fool can do it. There ain't nothing to it." The practice of mindfulness meditation is one way to cultivate the ability to enjoy the present. We, of course, need to plan for the future at times; and we also need to learn from the past. Too often we make ourselves miserable in the present by worrying about the future. Our life metaphors are important factors that allow us to enjoy life.

Self-actualization: What have we made of the gifts that we have been given?
We all know people who have surpassed their potential and others who seem
 to have squandered their gifts. We first need to recognize our gifts, of course,
 and the process of recognition is part of the path toward self-actualization.
Mentally healthy persons are in the process of actualizing their potential.
In order to do this, we must first feel secure.




Balance: Balance in life seems to result in greater mental health. We all need to balance time spent socially with time spent alone, for example. Those who spend all of their time alone may get labeled as "loners," and they may lose many of their social skills. Extreme social isolation may even result in a split with reality. Those who ignore the need for some solitary times also risk such a split. Balancing these two needs seems to be the key - although we all balance these differently. Other areas where balance seems to be important include the balance between work and play, the balance between sleep and wakefulness, the balance between rest and exercise, and even the balance between time spent indoors and time spent outdoors.


Resilience: The ability to bounce back from adversity has been referred to as "resilience." It has been long known that some people handle stress better than others.



Flexibility: We all know people who hold very rigid opinions.
No amount of discussion can change their views.
Such people often set themselves up for added stress by the rigid
 expectations that they hold. Working on making our expectations
more flexible can improve our mental health. Emotional flexibility
may be just as important as cognitive flexibility. Mental healthy people
experience a range of emotions and allow themselves to express these feelings.
Some people shut off certain feelings, finding them to be unacceptable.

foto oleh: Nadil

Religiusitas dan Kesehatan Mental: Antara Pengharapan dan Rasa Takut


Kekuatan karakter (character strength) adalah konsep utama dalam psikologi positif. Ada satu kekuatan karakter yang termasuk dalam kelompok transcendence - kelompok strengths yang menghubungkan seseorang dengan alam semesta yang luas dan memberikan seseorang makna dan tujuan dalam kehidupan[1] - berdasarkan klasifikasi Peterson dan Seligman (2004) dalam bukunya “Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification”. Kekuatan (strength) tersebut adalah spiritualitas. 

Spiritualitas dapat diartikan sebagai kekuatan yang membuat seseorang memiliki kepercayaan tentang sesuatu yang melampaui seseorang atau tujuan dan makna alam semesta yang lebih tinggi dan lebih besar; mengetahui di mana letak atau tempat seseorang di dalam suatu skema yang lebih luas; serta memiliki kepercayaan terkait makna hidup yang kemudian membentuk tindakan serta memberikan kenyamanan dan kebahagiaan [1,2]. Spiritualitas juga menyangkut, tetapi tidak dibatasi, dengan kepercayaan terhadap Tuhan dan agama (religiousness).
banner